Living Positively with HIV
This factsheet has
been developed by David Patient, who has been living
with HIV/AIDS for the past twenty years. Contact: email@example.com
The contents are based
primarily on the book written by Neil Orr, Research
Psychologist and author of Positive Health. Contact:
is a manageable disease and through adopting a positive
lifestyle the onset of AIDS can be delayed for many years,
in some instances by 20 years and more.
positive lifestyle is aimed at maintaining a strong immune
system. Research conducted by Neil Orr, a research psychologist
has defined three components in maintaining a positive lifestyle
thesea are: Physical
(nutrition, vitamins and mineral supplements, physical exercise),
Positively with HIV
healthy diet keeps the body strong and illnesses away. For
people living with HIV/AIDS this is even more important
as it slows down the rate of at which HIV grows in the body.
living with HIV/AIDS it is important for the person to eat
more than a healthy person would.
HIV the body loses weight as it uses food differently as
it breaks down protein (muscle) for energy. This is a slow
process resulting in the muscles going down.
the body mass acts as a buffer to the effects of opportunistic
can be divided into three groups. It is important for people
living with HIV/AIDS to eat from each of the groups every
Foods – Contain proteins and help build muscles. Such as:
meat, beans, lentils and eggs.
Energy foods – contain carbohydrates that
the body converts into energy such as: brown bread, stamp,
mielies, maize meal, brown rice.
foods contain vitamins which defend the body against any
infections. These include: fruit and vegetables, garlic
C, Selenium, Vitamin A/Beta-carotene are essential
in HIV management due to their effect on viral activity.
(Trace Mineral) dramatically slows down disease progression
and should be taken with Vitamin E. The recommended daily
dosage of Selenium is 75 – 200 micrograms. Selenium and
Vitamin E are obtainable in capsules. Foods that include
Selenium are: Brazil Nuts, sea fish, pronutro cereal, sunflower
seeds or coconut.
(Mineral) strengthens the immune system. The recommended
of zinc is 15mg and the maximum intake is 45mg per day.
Zinc is obtainable in capsular forms from a local pharmacy.
Zinc is also contained in the following foods: pumpkin and
squash seeds, sunflower seeds, peanuts. For maximum results
Zinc should be used in combination with Vitamin A/Beta-carotene.
Potato (Hypoxis, Inkomfe)
balances immune system when taken in the correct
dosage. The manufactured products Moducare® and ImmunoChoice®
are available from local pharmacies or chemist. The African
Potato is effective in boosting the immune system as it
contains Sterols and Sterolins.
and pumpkin seeds destroy the entire spectrum of non-viral
gastrointestinal infections, if taken in moderate amounts.
Joghurt helps to prevent diarrhoea and thrush.
use of sugar should be restricted or completely avoided.
Sugar stimulates fungal infections such as candida or thrush.
It has a direct effect on many of the medications causing
elevated levels of blood glucose.
is bad for nutrition and the immune system as it reduces
T-cell activity and cuts down antibody production by 50
such as ensuring that water is clean & cleaning
food properly – significantly reduces gastrointestinal infections.
core body temperature
warm body fights HIV better than a cold body. HIV
and other pathogens are weakened by heat. E.g., HIV activity
is reduced by 40 percent at 41 degrees Celsius of core body
Regular physical exercise assists in maintaining
A quick walk or slow jog for 20 minutes and daily
stretching exercises stimulate lymph drainage and release
the fighter cells needed in keeping HIV suppressed.
Strenuous exercise should be avoided, unless the
infected person is already a serious athlete.
Creating a compelling future is essential for the
emotional and psychological well-being of a PLWH/A (Person
Living With HIV/AIDS.)
Confronting the fear of illness, stigma, rejection
and death are essential.
A person who is in a supportive environment or in
a therapy support group will survive longer than those dealing
with their infection in isolation.
Active involvement in ones health has a positive
effect on immune function.
The key is to take control over their own well being
and need not feel powerless over their infection.
HIV/AIDS: Interview individuals living with HIV/AIDS and
find out what they are doing to remain healthy?
supplements are important for maintaining a healthy lifestyle
look at what are the various options available to people
living with HIV/AIDS and what would the cost involved be
for a PLWHA?
Has the Department
of Agriculture instituted programmes aimed at providing
support to people living with HIV/AIDS, what are those programmes
and what are the basis upon which they have been developed?
“kitchen gardening”, how can a family live off the land
by maintaining and managing the soil? What support are home
and community based care programmes providing to support
the development of home and community gardens?
food shortages being experienced in Southern
Africa is described as a famine with a difference
owing to HIV/AIDS. People living with HIV/AIDS have greater
nutritional and food needs so as to maintain a healthy immune
system. How are emergency relief agencies such as the World
Food Programme, the Food and Agricultural Organisations,
Oxfam and others addressing the nutritional needs of those
living with HIV/AIDS?
and Support Groups
Association of People living with HIV/AIDS
Tel: 011 872 0975
Fax: 011 872 1343
Treatment Action Campaign
Zachie Achmat/Nathan Geffen
Tel: (27) (21) 788 3507
Fax: (27) (21) 788 3726
Tel: 011 403 0265
Fax: 011 339 4450
NACOSA Western Cape
Tel: 021 425 4308
Fax: 021 421 8754
Positive Women's Newtwork
Tel: 011 989 1521
073 265 8986
David Jason Wessenaar
Tel: 011 984 44
Tel: 021 426 4770
Tel: 072 206 4311/023 626 1961
Tel: 083 225 9248
Consultant: 083 628 4206
Dept of Minerals & EnergyHIV/AIDS Co-ordinator: 082
UN HIV in the workplace
Consultant 082 829 3094
EAP Manager - Transnet: 011 308 2295 MariaNd@transnet.co.za
Njoko: Own consultancy in assoc with Blue Moon Agency: 083
432 9479 or 083 459 5535 firstname.lastname@example.org
Nyathi: Centre for the Study of AIDS, University
of Pretoria, 012
420 5190 email@example.com
Dept of Health: 072 125 1232
SAPS HIV/AIDS Co-ordinator:
983 503 4524
Eskom Generations: 083 236 0552 Martin.Vosloo@eskom.co.za
Provides valuable information to those living with HIV/AIDS
or those looking for information that could assist a friend.
The body, www.thebody.com
A comprehensive site on HIV/AIDS including information prevention,
treatment, care and support.
Nutrition links and resources,
Provides links to other sites dealing with all aspects of
HIV/AIDS and nutrition.
Tufts University, School
of Medicine, Nutrition/Infection Unit, http://www.tufts.edu/med/nutrition_HIV
Web site includes information on current research studies,
related HIV health issues, newsletter on nutrition and HIV.
and Support Groups
Network of people living with HIV/AIDS, http://www.gnpplus.net
GNP+ aims to
improve the quality of life of people living with HIV/AIDS.
This is achieved by helping to build the capacity of people
with HIV/AIDS on the global, regional and national level.
National Association of People Living with HIV/AIDS,
NAPWA is a national representative organization co-originating
the needs, aspirations and resources for people living with
Action Campaign, www.tac.org.za
The countries leading advocacy group for expanding access
to treatment, educating South Africans about living with
HIV/AIDS and ultimately improving the health and lives of
those living with HIV/AIDS.
AIDS Consortium, http://www.aidsconsortium.org.za
provides access to information on any aspect of HIV/AIDS
and lobbies for a human rights-based response to the epidemic.
AIDS Law Project (ALP), www.alp.org.za
Is an organisation that specialises in assisting people
living with HIV/AIDS to get access to proper medical treatment,
school for children and even work. This website provides
valuable information on the human rights of people living
Positive Health, by Neil Orr, Research Psychologist
in HIV/AIDS, This publication defines the nutritional requirements
to maintain a healthy immune system. It provides practical
and concrete suggestions of regional foods containing these